Ultrasound can be used to examine muscles, tendons, joints, ligaments and fascia as well as other soft tissue structures like finger pulleys and superficial soft tissue masses.

The advantages of ultrasound include no ionising radiation, the ability to focally direct the examination to the site(s) of pain and to specific structures, the ability to examine the structures dynamically (ie watch as the parts of the body move) and examine with the part of the body in different positions.

  • Ultrasound Joints

    i. Shoulder
    1. Glenohumeral joint
    2. Acromioclavicular joint
    ii. Elbow
    iii. Wrist
    1. Radiocarpal joint
    2. Ulnocarpal joint
    3. Distal radioulnar joint
    iv. Intercarpal joints
    v. Carpometacarpal joints
    vi. Metacarpophalangeal joints
    vii. Symphysis pubis articulation
    viii. Hip (femoroacetabular) joint
    ix. Knee joint
    x. Ankle joint
    xi. Talonavicular joint
    xii. Talocalcaneal joint
    xiii. Intertarsal joints
    xiv. Tarsometatarsal joints
    xv. Metatarsophalangeal joints

  • Ultrasound Nerves

    1. Greater occipital nerve
    2. Brachial plexus
    3. Suprascapular nerve
    4. Radial nerve
    5. Posterior interosseous nerve
    6. Ulnar nerve (at the cubital tunnel, at the wrist, at Guyon’s canal)
    7. Median nerve (pronator teres syndrome, carpal tunnel syndrome)
    8. Ilioinguinal nerve
    9. Lateral cutaneous nerve of the thigh
    10. Sciatic nerve (hydrodissection)
    11. Peroneal nerve at the fibular head
    12. Gluteal nerve
    13. Posterior tibial nerve
    14. Medial and lateral plantar nerves
    15. Digital nerves (Morton Neuroma)

  • Ultrasound Tendons

    1. Rotator cuff tendons
    2. proximal biceps tendons (long head of biceps tendon, short head of biceps tendon)
    3. distal biceps tendon
    4. distal triceps tendon
    5. common flexor tendon insertion complex
    6. common extensor tendon insertion complex
    7. De Quervain’s tenosynovitis (abductor pollicis longus and extensor pollicis brevis tendons)
    8. Intersection syndrome (abductor pollicis longus and extensor pollicis brevis tendons and extensor carpi radialis longus and brevis tendons)
    9. Extensor and flexor tendons of the wrist
    10. Quadriceps tendons
    11. Hamstring tendons
    12. Gemelli tendons, obturator internus tendon
    13. Piriformis tendon
    14. Gluteal tendons
    15. Iliotibial band syndrome
    16. Pes anserinus
    17. Patellar tendon
    18. Achilles tendon
    19. Tibialis anterior tendon
    20. Tibialis posterior tendon
    21. flexor and extensor tendons of the ankle
    22. peroneal tendons

  • Ultrasound Ligaments

    1. Scapholunate ligament
    2. Ulnar collateral ligament of the first metacarpophalangeal joint
    3. Triangular fibrocartilage complex
    4. Medial and lateral collateral ligaments of the knee
    5. Deltoid ligaments
    6. Medial ligaments of the ankle

  • Ultrasound Bursa

    1. Subdeltoid bursa
    2. Olecranon bursa
    3. Ulnar bursa
    4. Prepatellar bursa
    5. Suprapatellar bursa
    6. Submaximus bursa, trochanteric bursa
    7. Submedius bursa

  • Ultrasound Fascia

    1. Plantar fascia

  • Ultrasound Pulleys

    1. A1 pulley of the finger

  • Ultrasound Tarsal tunnel, carpal tunnel, cubital tunnel etc